I am a Professor Emeritus of Medecine Faculty of Marseille in ENT department, Otology, Neurotology and skull base surgeon. Former head of the ENT department in the Timone Hospital. My foreign teachers were Jean MARQUET, Ugo FISCH, Malt WIGANT, Clauss JANSEN. In France André PECH, Michel PORTMANN , J Marie STERKERS.

In 1984, I developed endoscopic ear surgery in chronic otitis media and surgery for cholesteatoma.

In 1992, I used an endoscope in the CPA angle as a complement of microscope instrument to treat epidermoid (Cholesteatoma) and to perform surgery of the trigeminal, facial and cochlea-vestibular nerves.

I written in 1994 a book on EES, and also many articles on endoscopic ear surgery in different reviews and books.